Tijola is a village situated in the Alto Almanzora, in the valley formed by the Sierra de los Filabres and the Sierra de las Estancias. It is called "Small Granada" or "the pearl of Almanzora". Tixola means "the hidden one". It was from 1830 onwards that it began to be known by its current name. Until then it had been called Tixola.


In its municipal area prehistoric settlements from circa 4,000 years BC have been found in the place called Pago del Prado. From this period the most important finding is the so-called idol of Tijola that was found in the Muela del Ajo and is currently located in the National Archeological Museum.

It was the old Roman recreational town of Tagilis, within the Conventus Cartaginensis.santa maria tijola

There is an old fortress, today called the Old Tijola (Tí­jola la Vieja) which existed in the VIII century when the Arabs arrived. In the Al-Andalus period there was a large village with good defensive conditions crowned by the castle. The current Tijola is located further down.

In 1489, Tijola surrendered to the Catholic Monarchs who gave it as an estate to Yusuf Barbaja in 1490. In 1494 it was given to don Diego Lopez Pacheco, Marquis of Villena.

During the War of the Alpujarras (1568-1570) it was conquered by Don Juan of Austria with twelve cannons. Its inhabitants fled and the Christians killed its governor. From then on it was a camp for the armies of Don Juan of Austria during the Moorish rebellion. It was given the title of "Villa". Repopulation was carried out with people from Navarre, the Basque Country, Asturias and Portugal.

Escudo de Tijola Flag of Tijola Spain

Official Seal of Tijola

Flag of Tijola